Bulbul Shah Introduced Calligraphy In Kashmir

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KL Report
Srinagar

Shrine of saint Bulbul Shah in Bulbul Lankar, Nawa Kadal that was almost reconstructed by the government.

ASI that is currently engaged in an exhibition in Srinagar believes scholar saint Sharaf-ud Din Bulbul Shah introduced calligraphy to Kashmir in fourteenth century AD.

A detailed statement issued by the ASI said Mulla Jamil a court calligrapher of Sultan Zain-ud din Budh Shah was an expert in Nastaliq style. During Sultan Husain Shah’s reign Mir Ali Haft Qalam came to Kashmir from Iran. He was a noted exponent of Nastaliq and Taliq styles. Ali left able disciples like Hasan Kashmiri and Ali Ju Kashmiri to carry on his legacy.

Muhammad Husain Kashmiri of Emperor Akbar’s time was a great calligrapher Kashmir ever produced, who had no parallels. Mulla Baqir Kashmiri was the famous court calligrapher of Emperor Shahjahan who was bestowed with the title of Haft Qalam. Mulla was expert in Nastaliq and Shikasta styles. Muhammad Talib, Husain Bakhsh Mudawwar and Murad Zarrin Qalam were Mulla’s able disciples.

In the later period Akhund Baha-ud Din and Haider Kashmiri were important names in the field of calligraphy of Nastaliq style. They were followed by Yaqub Muhammad son of Murad Kashmiri who excelled in Kufi style and compiled a book on calligraphy. Khwaja Akbar Alam, Syed Muhammad Reza Mushtaq Kashmiri, Habibullah Dalu, Abdur-Rasul Khushdil were other well-known calligraphers of this period. During the rule of Singh dynasty Murad Baig, Mirza Saif-ud Din, Khwaja Abd-ur Rahman Naqshbandi, Bashir Wani, Mir Habibullah Kamili, Mir Muhiyy-ud Din Akmal and Abd-us Samad Dongi earned a great fame. Muhammad Taqi, Imam Dairwi and Ahmad Ali Kashmiri were famous calligrapher of Raja’s court.

About Author

A journalist with seven years of working experience in Kashmir.

5 Comments

    • Tariq Bashir on

      Islamic rule for this is ( Husnizun). That is to take the things as they appear until proven wrong.
      Suppose if you happen to offer farz prayer after a Imam whom you don’t know. You don’t know his illegibility for imamat. will you look for evidence for his illegibility to lead prayer. No you keep (husni zun) with him and offer prayer after him without investigation. And your prayer is correct. Same way we believe in the claims made by a muslim on the face value, until we have evidence to the contrary. Lack of evidence don’t mean that a particular thing is wrong.

      • I am in search of Mullah Abdullah a Holy Quran Calligrapher in kashmiri Manuscript about 300 years ago. If you have anything about this plz write me I will be very thankful to you or guide me from where I can get information.

  1. Mohammad Ishaq Khan “Bulbul Shah introduced calligraphy in Kashmir?” This is news to me. Would you please any historical evidence?

    3 minutes ago · Like..

    Saleem Beg There does not seem to any historic evidence for it.

    about a minute ago

  2. Mohammad Ishaq Khan “Bulbul Shah introduced calligraphy in Kashmir?” This is news to me. Would you please any historical evidence?

    3 minutes ago · Like..

    Saleem Beg There does not seem to any historic evidence for it.

    about a minute ago

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