History

This section offers detailed reportage and the analysis of key historical developments of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It includes the economy, the politics, health and the trends in society in historical context and profiles the characters who dominated these developments. This section is usually featuring experts in the field of history.

Sopore aerial view

Kashmir 1783

When George Forster visited Kashmir in 1783 spring, it was Azad Khan ruling the roost in Srinagar. He has recorded the state and status of Kashmir state and its people at the peak of...
An 1890 photograph of Khanqah and its adjoining homes taken from the banks of Jhelum.

Kashmir 1783

British traveller and East India Company official, George Forster (died 1792) is the first Englishman who journeyed from India through Central Asia to Russia. In the spring of 1783, at the peak of 67-year...

A Wrestler, Builder

For many people who escaped Kashmir’s famine and oppression during the nineteenth century, fate had decided to bestow them with bigger roles in bigger spaces, writes MJ Aslam with a focus on a wrestler...

Kashmir’s Yarkand Links

With Yarkand Sarai, one of the trading landmarks in Srinagar, in the focus of recent government intervention, Kashmir’s Silk Route memories have revived. Scholar Dr Abdul Hamid Sheikh details the systems and practices of...

Historian Hangloo

On the eve of the publication of his ninth major book, historian Prof Rattan Lal Hangloo spent a few days in Srinagar after a protracted absence of nine years. Living outside Kashmir since 1978,...

Exceptional Mirzas’

On the state and status of governance and people in Kashmir prior and after the Dogra rule are a thick volume of letters in the archives, written by a family of writers connected with...

Samdanis’: Peshawar, Delhi, Lahore, Turkey

In the early nineteenth century, a Kashmir trader migrated to Peshawar and emerged a major businessman. His sons played a major role in India’s independence movement and later two of his sons became envoys...

Kashmir’s Forgotten ‘Spy’

In 1891, a Kashmiri cosmopolitan Sheikh Abdul Rasul was arrested in Bombay, jailed for nine months and deported to London, triggering a crisis in the House of Commons. Later, confidential British India records deconstructed...

Kashmir: A Lawrence Speech

Walter R Lawrence, one of the most popular British India officers in Kashmir, known commonly as Lawrence Sahab, was an authority on a region pushed to slavery by the East India Company. A land...

Khwaja Sanaullah Shawl

Father of freedom movement leader Sauddin Shawl, Khawaja Sanaullah Shawl was one of the most respected traders of his era with a chain of outlets in the region. A philanthropist, he was a friend...

Kashmir 1823

British veterinarian, William Moorcroft (1767-1825), who played a key role in exploring Central Asia for the East India Company, spent a harsh winter in Kashmir (1822-23) at the peak of hugely exploitative Sikh rule....

Hazratbal 1954

Roads and plenty of cars is a recent phenomenon. In this 1954 travelogue, Pearce Gervis explains how the huge floating gardens, rations and the devotees to Hazratbal chiefly used the abundant waterways After a...

Kashmir’s Canal Life 1954

Srinagar’s water bodies have historically remained a self-sustaining eco-system in which people lived, worked and thrived throughout. Life remained unchanged for a long time as this 1954 travelogue by Pearce Gervis explains = Going down...

Kashmir’s Church Bells

The oldest Protestant Church over the Rustum Gari hill is being revived and renovated by the government under its smart city project. Constructed in 1896, there is a detailed narrative about the community’s struggle,...

Kashmir 1835

Carl Alexander Anselm Baron von Hügel (1795-1870), a prominent naturalist from Vienna spent more than five years in India. He spent part good time visiting Kashmir in 1835. Though most of his observations and...

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