How Can India Stamp Its Legacy As G-20, UNSC President?

by Asad Mirza

Occupying the Presidency of the G-20 and UNSC offers India a unique chance to leave its legacy and make the voice of the Global South and developing world heard at these two august fora.

The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi with the President of the United States of America, Joe Biden, the Prime Minister of Japan, Yoshihide Suga and the Prime Minister of Australia, Scott Morrison at the QUAD Summit, in Washington DC, USA on September 24, 2021.

By assuming the Presidency of the G-20 and UN Security Council, for one year and one month respectively, for the next one-year, India gets a unique opportunity for the country to contribute to the global agenda on pressing issues of international importance.

G-20 is the premier forum for international economic cooperation representing around 85 per cent of the global GDP, over 75 of the worldwide trade, and about two-thirds of the world population. During the G-20 Presidency, to show its resolve to focus on those issues which are dear to it, India will hold about 200 meetings in 32 different sectors in multiple locations across India. The G-20 Summit to be held in 2023 would be one of the highest-profile international gatherings to be hosted by India.

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar defining its agenda for G-20 and UNSC has said that New Delhi would like to use the presidency of the group to reflect interests and concerns today of the global south.

As India formally assumed the G-20 presidency Prime Minister Narendra Modi said he will work to further global good through an inclusive, action-oriented, and decisive agenda. In a write-up, Modi said India could catalyse a fundamental mindset shift to benefit humanity as a whole. “I believe we can,” he wrote.

The PM stressed that India’s G-20 presidency theme – One Earth, One Family, One Future– is not just a slogan as it takes into account “recent changes in human circumstances”, adding that India’s G-20 presidency will work to promote a universal sense of one-ness.

India looks forward to working on encouraging sustainable lifestyles, depoliticising the global supply of food, fertilisers and medical products among other subjects, the prime minister said.

For imbuing hope in our future generations, India will encourage an honest conversation among the most powerful countries on mitigating risks posed by weapons of mass destruction and enhancing global security, in addition to climate change, terrorism, and pandemics – which could be solved not by fighting each other, but only by acting together, he wrote.

G20 is Group of Twenty, an intergovernmental forum, comprising 19 countries and the European Union (EU). It works to address major issues related to the global economy.

India’s Forward Plan

Indeed, the issues outlined by the prime minister and the EAM sound impressive, yet the real challenge will be how to transform these into real achievements over the next one year. How India could contribute to changing the global stand on various pressing issues, including controlling inflation, affirmative action on climate change, and pandemic threats, besides producing an inclusive governance model.

There is hope that India can make meaningful contributions to the global economy and can help improve the current unstable geopolitical state of affairs during its reign as G-20 president.

The world is staring at a recession following the Covid19 induced economic downturn and supply chain issues, which have been further exacerbated by the Russia-Ukraine conflict, fuelling runaway inflation. Global growth has hit a major roadblock. While the world grew at 6 per cent in 2021, the growth rate is projected to drop to 3.2 per cent in 2022 and will further slip to 2.7 per cent in 2023.

The global inflation rate, which stood at 4.7 per cent in 2021, is expected to rise to 8.8 per cent by the end of 2022. India, however, is expected to grow by 6.8 per cent in the current fiscal year and by 6.4 per cent in the following year. India is a model for others in achieving similar economic growth and stability.

The G-20 declaration, which predominantly echoed Indian ideas, vowed to push for global macroeconomic stability by giving nations, particularly disadvantaged ones, a platform to improve their financial resilience.

Indian economists have a better understanding of middle-income and low-income countries. India, with its unique perspective, can help the G-20 achieve its goal of enhancing the financial resilience of these nations.

India’s economic model, which has advocated for open, liberal markets that provide opportunities to even the most vulnerable, has garnered praise from countries and organisations throughout the world.

Diplomatic Tightrope

Over the last year particularly India has been able to maintain cordial relations with two US administrations, in addition to Russia and Iran, and despite mounting global pressure, has been able to maintain positive diplomatic ties with all countries and factions.

PM Nadendra Modi attended the Davos In Desert, The Future Investment Initiative (FII), a plan to achieve Vision 2030. Saudi

This is also a historic time for the G-20, which will now be led by a nation that has always placed “dialogue and diplomacy” at the centre of its approach to international relations. India’s diplomatic and economic policies have helped the country achieve significant growth at a time when other economies have failed or are struggling.

The Indian presidency has received support from various quarters, the latest being from the US and France. The American and French presidents in their tweets have declared their support to India’s chair at these two fora.

Thus, India seems to have the full support of the global powers also, for initiating new thinking on tackling global issues besides also an opportunity to become the voice of the Global South and help the UN to achieve more on its SDGs. Thus, at the moment the plate seems full for India and we really hope that India will be able to leave its mark both diplomatically and politically on the G-20 by acting in a pragmatic manner to solve the issue facing the global world.

Asad Mirza

It would be prudent for the Indian leadership to pursue those issues which will have a bearing on the future of the world, like climate change-related activities, pursuing net zero, to find ways to establish a modified economic system, which considers poor countries much more benignly and also empower the world organisations like the United Nations and make sure that it leaves a new apparatus through which voices of the poor could be heard and action taken on them, much more effectively.

(Asad Mirza is a senior journalist based in New Delhi. In his career spanning more than 20 years, he was also associated with BBC Urdu Service and Khaleej Times of Dubai. Views are personal.)

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