SOS Wildlife

She is one daredevil of sorts when it comes to rescuing animals from human brutality and setting them free in the wild.  Shakir Mir reports her adventurous life 


She scales a 20-meter high Chinar tree on a fire service ladder to assist an injured Barn Owl to get back to its perch. Grabbing a poisonous snake by head, she releases the creature safely in the wild only to ensure that it doesn’t bite the people around. As a lone woman, she has often led an all-male entourage into highland pastures, trekking hostile terrains and scouting rare wildlife species.

Meet Kashmir’s very own version of Jeff Corwin and Bear Grylls. Srinagar-born Aaliya Mir is a fearsome adventurist. She heads a regional offshoot of Wildlife SOS, an international NGO that campaigns against animal abuse.

Mir is a temerarious woman who negotiates sharp curves and stubborn officials alike. She has engendered a network of volunteers across J&K who tips her off about incidents of animal plight requiring immediate intervention. With a highly-skilled staff at her disposal, she entertains a complaint or a grievance and then runs off, in no time, to do the needful. “We work in collaboration with the Wildlife department of the J&K,” she says.

Since 2007, when her organization forayed into Kashmir, Mir has rescued and rehabilitated scores of animal and bird species from their natural or human-induced predicament. She also organizes excursions, trips and seminars to both explore and sensitize people about the significance of wildlife and ecology.

Wildlife SOS was formed in 1991 in response to a cruel practice called ‘dancing bears’ involving tying bears with ropes and forcing them to dance. “Basically, they weren’t actually dancing,” Mir says. “They were reacting to pain.”

People from the nomadic Qalandar community in Delhi and elsewhere were known for parading bears before the crowd who would throw coins at them in return. In the process, the owners would penetrate a sharp device through their nose and fasten a rope around it. Upon pulling the rope impulsively, the bears would flail their arms with pain – a gesture resembling dance moves. Hence, the dancing bears.

Mir worked extensively with the organization in Delhi for almost four years before returning to Kashmir. “When I came here, I saw that the conflict had sharply risen in Kashmir,” she says. “I realized that 90 per cent of the cases involved Black bears followed by Leopards, Wolves and Porcupines.”

Taking notice of the alarming escalation of man-animal conflict, Mir persuaded the Wildlife SOS to venture into the region with an aim to minimize its effects and at the same time step up efforts to conserve wildlife. “When we came here, we carried out a survey across length and breadth of Kashmir valley,” she says. “Our survey inferred that in South Kashmir, there were a disproportionate number of bear attack cases while in the North, the inglorious distinction went to leopards. We also found that the attacks happened mostly in the agricultural fields with victims mostly adult males.”

The organization signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the J&K Wildlife Department and is ever since authorized to work in close coordination with them. Her office is located inside the Rescue and Rehab Centre, Dachigam.

“Presently, we oversee the management at the rehab centre,” she says. “We wash animals, look after them, feed them and even clean up their faeces,” she says.

A post-graduate in Mathematics and a former Physics teacher, Mir has studied at length about wildlife during her stint at the Delhi office of Wildlife SOS. Besides, she has also been a student of disaster management. She was born in 1978 in the Wazir Bagh area of Srinagar to a humble family. She did her schooling at Devki Aarya Putra Patshaala (DAPP) near Jawahar Nagar.

During the formative days of Wildlife SOS in Kashmir, Mir recalls, she had had a tryst with two bear cubs near Botanical garden. The mother bear was understood to have abandoned them. “She might have fled because authorities were furbishing the area to construct the garden,” she says.

 Aaliya Mir feeding a bear cub.
Aaliya Mir feeding a bear cub.

For days together, Mir and her team played out the recorded sounds of cubs in hope that the mother bear would listen to them and return. “But that did not happen,” she says. “We could not have left the cubs there either since dogs or other animals would have killed them.”

After trying unsuccessfully to reunite them, Mir took cubs to the Rescue centre at Dachigam and has been looking after them like a parent ever since. In fact, the cubs, which are now grown up and wear a ferocious canine-bearing appearance, are remarkably kind to Mir and rarely harm or bite her. She feeds them with her hands.

“They cannot be released in the wild now,” she says. Why? Accustomed to hand-feeding, the animals are now unlikely to prey. Mir fears that in wild they would look out for humans expecting that they might feed them. But as happens in most cases, humans – anticipating danger from the “intruding” bears – raise a false alarm, which often results in instances where the panic-stricken people kill them. “The bears are thus safe here,” she says.

In another instance that happened last year, Mir had to rush to at least two homes in Srinagar, where inmates complained about a snake sticking its head out from the wall. “I immediately reached these places along with my team to sanitize them” she says.

With sheer valiance, Mir caught the serpents by their head, incapacitating them and then releasing them far in the forests. In days preceding floods, she had to literally plead with the Gujjar community residing in Ganderbal district who had caught hold of an injured Egyptian Vulture.

The community, suspicious of Mir and her team, were reluctant to hand over the rare bird. Eventually, she furnished her credentials before its captors, who would later consent to her request. “It had suffered profound injuries in its beak and wings,” she says. “We put the bird under the medication and treated it for many days before releasing it near Menew in Dachigam.”

Likewise, Mir has carried out innumerable rescue operations of leopards, owls, ducks, eagles, bears and many more. In was by virtue of her determination that the International Zoo Educators Association (IZE) invited her as one of their speakers at their forum in Hong Kong in 2014.  Earlier this year, Mir also co-organized a seminar along with the daughter of Congress politician Karan Singh at the famous Darah Shikov garden in Islamabad to raise awareness about wildlife conservation. Last week, she co-organized a birding trip to Braine in Nishat, leading an all-male party. “Sometimes I do feel nervous when I become conscious of it,” she says. “But then, in the very next moment, it seems quite normal again.”

Mir with adult bear inside rescue center.
Mir with the adult bear inside the rescue centre. (KL Image courtesy: Shams Ul Haq Qari)

Mir has two sons aged below ten. Her preoccupation with wildlife has led to her son grow up as a science whiz.  “He was able to distinguish between a Hangul and a spotted deer at the age of two which is quite extraordinary for a toddler of this age,” she says, beaming with excitement.

At one corner of her sprawling lawn, a decrepit aluminium vessel is filled with water and stones. A flickering moment catches her attention. “That’s a soft-shell turtle,” she says. “I retrieved it from a local in Chadoora last week. When I inquired where they had found it, they were unforthcoming.”

Mir taps its shell. The creature squeezes itself in. By night when the temperature plummets, Mir hauls the vessel inside her house and places it over smouldering hamaan. She has been managing its well-being for quite some time now. Earlier this week, Mir’s team travelled to Jammu to release it in the Jammu zoo where it was expected to survive. “Rescue,” she nods her head solemnly. “That’s what I keep doing all the time.”


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