New Delhi has supplied forces in Jammu and Kashmir with over one lac plastic bullets to control crowds in the valley, reports said on Monday.
Besides, it has also supplied forces with PAVA (made of pelargonic acid vanillyl amide, an organic compound found in natural chilli pepper) shells that are more pungent, to increase their effectiveness. The new shells consist of oleoresin, which is more natural and pungent in comparison to the chemical-based PAVA shells, Hindustan Times reported.
The larger supply of plastic bullets, considered “less lethal” than the pellet guns, has been made after an extensive trial with a few thousand such bullets, the report quoted union home ministry sources.
Plastic bullets can be fired from a normal AK-47 rifle but in a single shot mode. It is not possible to use burst mode firing with them, the report said.
Under the graded response, security forces now have various options—including tear smoke shells, PAVA shells, rubber bullets that are fired from gas guns, plastic bullets and pellets guns—before actually opening fire.
Pellet guns fire cartridges that have hundreds of small metal balls. Their extensive use to quell unrest in Kashmir Valley after the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani on July 8 last year led to hundreds of cases of eye and facial injuries, which often caused partial or full loss of vision.
Following the criticism of pellet guns, options like PAVA shells and extensive use of plastic bullets were explored.
The Centre has also made it clear that the use of pellet guns is still an option to deal with violent crowds in the Valley, though it will be used very sparingly.